By smoking we usually mean smoking of tobacco. There are many people who are addicted to the smoking of opium and other intoxicating drugs, People use various kinds of apparatus for tobacco smoking such as hookah pipes, cigars, cigarettes and cheroots. Tobacco was first brought from America to Europe. Early one day in 1492, Columbus’s shipmates saw the people of an island (now known as Cuba) smoking bundles of rolled leaves. They copied this habit and became smokers. Later on. Sir Walter Raleigh introduced tobacco and smoking in Europe. Hookah smoking was known to the Eastern kings, the physicians used it as a cure for stomach-troubles. Now, smoking is one of the most popular habits. Even women caught up this habit. Today there are 40 million addicted smokers in the 12 million in great Britain and almost as many in France. Even in poor countries, people smoke away cigarettes of 1000 million rupees every year.
The habit of smoking prevails in every part of the world. Most eminent doctors of the world have expressed thcir opinions about its bad effects yet the fashion continues. Smoking undoubtedly invigorates one’s nervous system after physical and mental exhaustion. But its after effects are really alarming. The smoke contains very small particles of Nicotine which is a deadly poison. By breathing the poisonous smoke, we injure our health; the smoke affects theiwind pipe and the lungs. The throat and lung diseases are, therefore, caused. It is the basic cause of lung cancer. The smokers suffer from cold and cough. Smokers get bad and dirty teeth which cause other diseases. Tobacco causes bad. breath and stinks in the mouth. Eye-sight and digestion are damaged. There is loss of vitality. Endurance power is reduced; memory becomes dead Dead smokers get heart trouble. It is unquestionably a luxury; it is a waste of money. Tobacco is a killer which causes the loss of many lives as road accidents. Balzac, the famous French writer, has rightly said: “Tobacco destroys the body, attacks the intelligence and ridicules nations”.
Smoking is a pernicious habit.Once this habit is formed, it is very difficult to get rid of this enjoyable poison. However, there are some principles and methods which can help a smoker stop smoking. The smoker should take advantage of any break such as illness, fasting in the normal way of life. He should take light meals and plenty of exercises and avoid all contacts with the groups of smokers. He should every often change the brand of his tobacco. This change will diminish this pleasure of smoking and he will smoke less. He should eat fruit because it has been proved that Apples, grapes, oranges and peas reduce the need to smoke. A mouth wash with silver nitrate lean destroy a lot of the pleasure of smoking. The first four or five days will prove to be very hard for the smoker but the difficulty will gradually diminish.